A rescue plane sent to search for them also disappeared with the loss of 13 men.
Some of the pilots reported that their compasses were not working and navigation was nearly impossible due to the storm.
In one of the last radio messages received, Lieutenant Charles Taylor, the flight commander, reported: “We are entering rough water, nothing seems correct. We do not know where we are, the water is green, not white.”
Some of the speculation about the cause of the planes’ disappearance included UFOs and even an underwater city.
But Satterley, from Griffiths University in Queensland, said it takes a level of critical thinking to try to piece together what really happened with Flight 19.
“We should ask ourselves: if we don’t know what caused something, or if something seems completely mysterious, we should look to the paranormal for the answer.”
Satterley said other factors are worth considering when looking for answers.
“The investigation found that when it got dark outside and the weather changed, Taylor had taken the planes to the wrong location.
“Taylor also had a history of getting lost while flying. He had to be rescued twice in the Pacific Ocean.”
The Grumman Avenger torpedo bomber plane piloted by Flight 19 became famous for sinking in less than a minute when they were forced to make a landing at sea.
Another key factor was the inexperience of many of the Flight 19 pilots.
“Most of the pilots involved in the incident were trainees. This means that they were not properly taught how to use all of the aircraft’s instruments when flying at night or in bad weather.”
The investigation has also shown that the number of ships and planes reported missing in the Bermuda Triangle is not much larger, proportionally speaking, than in any other part of the ocean, Satterley said.
“But if 1000 planes fly through the Bermuda Triangle and we can explain what happened to 990 of them, should we say that the other 10 were supernatural cases? I don’t think we should.
“All we can say is that we don’t know for sure what happened, and we should try to learn more,” he said.