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The year 2020 has been full of surprises and the weather has been no exception.

The year began with record heat and devastating wildfires that ravaged the country’s east coast.

Two forest fires are approaching a house located on the outskirts of the town of Bargo. (Getty)
During the 2019-2020 season, now known as Black Summer, 24 million hectares of land were burned, 3,000 homes destroyed and three billion animals died or were displaced.

Thirty-three people were killed, including six Australian firefighters and three American aerial firefighters.

Huge fires first broke out in the New South Wales region on the north and south coasts, the Riverina and Snowy Mountains.

NSW RFS firefighters surrounded by smoke while fighting a fire near the Inghams Bargo Chicken Breeder Production Complex in Tahmoor, NSW. This fire is part of the Green Wattle Creek fire southwest of Sydney on December 20, 2019. (Kate Geraghty / Sydney Morning Herald)
Smoke from Australian wildfires last year circled the world to return to the nation. (EPA / AAP)

In Victoria, lightning sparked a series of fires in East Gippsland, while Western Australia and South Australia fought their own crisis with nearly 300,000 hectares of brush burned.

Smoke filled the air in towns and cities from Brisbane to Melbourne, and Canberra had the worst air quality in the world during the height of the crisis.

Then came flooding as a result of Cyclone Esther, forcing Queensland into a second state of emergency.

The flooded parts of New South Wales have suffered their worst flooding in years with heavy rains and damaging winds that are forecast to hit the state again. Collaroy appears in the photo. (AAP)

Parts of New South Wales and Victoria were also hit by unprecedented levels of rainfall with a month of rain falling in Melbourne almost overnight in Melbourne.

Winter brought a wilder climate to the east coast. Extreme swells hit the coast, forcing people to flee as coastal erosion left houses on the brink of collapse.

A strong cold snap brought snow to blackened thickets in New South Wales and Victoria in winter with snow in melbourne for the first time in decades.
Tourists are seen looking at the Sydney Harbor Bridge in the rain on January 17. (Getty)

By the end of the year, Queensland’s Fraser Island has been devastated by a wildfire out of control, while other parts of the state and areas of northern New South Wales are recovering from flash floods just a week before Christmas.

Western Australia has faced a difficult year due to heat and drought with weeks of severe fire danger and intense heat spells.

Here’s a breakdown of the hottest, coldest, and wettest places in all states and territories for 2020.

The hottest day of 2020 on record in western Sydney

Australia endured its warmest spring on record, and 2020 is likely to be among the five hottest years on record.

Temperatures from January to November were above average to well above average in most of the country, except in parts of the southeast.

A fire on Fraser Island destroyed more than half of the bush on the island. (Facebook)

The hottest day in Australia this year was recorded in Penrith, in the western suburbs of Sydney, which reached 48.9 ° C on January 4 during the height of the Black Summer bushfire crisis.

The records sit just below the highest temperature ever recorded in state history when Menindee reached 49.7 ° C during the Black Friday wildfire crisis.

On the same day, Kapooka reached 48.1C.

During a recent heat wave in Queensland, temperatures rose to 48.1 ° C in Queensland.

In Victoria, the hottest temperature was Kyabram, which reached 46.2 ° C on January 31, followed by 46.2 ° C in Rutherglen on January 31 and 46 ° C in Echuca on January 31.

Heat wave to sweep Australia.  November 26, 2020.
A heat wave hit Australia on November 26. (Weather zone)

Birdsville eliminated all high temperatures from Queensland this year, recording temperatures of 48.7 ° C on December 5, 47.1 ° C on November 30 and 47.1 ° C on January 10.

The mining town of Andamooka, in the extreme north of South Australia, reaches 48 ° C on November 28, followed by 47.5 ° C at Marree on November 28 and 47.4 ° C at Roxby Downs on 28 November. November.

In WA, Eyre reached 48.2 ° C on January 2 and in the Northern Territory, the highest temperature was in Jervois, which reached 46 ° C on December 5.

Hobart was the hottest place in Tasmania in 2020, reaching 41.1 ° C on January 31.

A general view as people gather on Bondi Beach on November 28, 2020 in Sydney, Australia. The Bureau of Meteorology has forecast heat wave conditions in New South Wales this weekend, and temperatures are expected to top 40 degrees across the state. (Getty)

Tasmania brings out the coldest temperature

Australia’s coldest temperature for 2020 was at Liawenee in Tasmania, which reached -14.2 ° C on August 7.

This broke the state record for the lowest temperature ever recorded, the last time it was set nearly 40 years ago when Tarraleah fell to -13 ° C on June 30, 1983.

Cars on the side of the Alpine Way road between Jindabyne and Thredbo after heavy snows hit the Snowy Mountains region, Monday, July 13, 2020. (Sydney Morning Herald)

The Snowy Mountains were the coldest place in New South Wales, dropping to -11.3 ° C on August 25.

After enduring a horrific wildfire season, the town of Glenn Innes in New South Wales’ Northern Tablelands recorded the second coldest temperature for the state when a cold snap brought a low of -9.7 ° C on 6 August.

In Victoria, Mount Hotham reached -7.9 ° C on August 5, while Applethorpe, in rural Queensland, dropped to -3.8 ° C on September 27.

Snow has fallen in Tasmania, turning parts of the state into a winter wonderland. (John Warden / Facebook)
A surfer in a gigantic swell on Tasmania’s remote Shipstern Bluff. (Lance Morgan)

The coldest temperature for South Australia was Gluepot Reserve registering -6.3 ° C on August 5 and in Washington, York dropped to -3.5 ° C on July 12.

The coldest temperature for the NT was Arltunga, which fell to -4.2 ° C on June 25, although no one was there to experience it.

The abandoned gold rush city in the middle of some of Australia’s harshest desert countries recorded all the coldest temperatures in the NT this year.

Located 110km east of Alice Springs and 1610km from Darwin, the ghost town experiences some of the greatest weather extremes the NT has to offer.

Arltunga recorded the lowest temperature in the Northern Territory for 2020. (Pinterest)

This year has been particularly wet for Australia, with La Niña bringing above-average rains to several states and territories.

Dum In Mirrie Island in the Northern Territory recorded the wettest day in the country this year when a whopping 562mm fell on January 11.

Liverpool Plains farm neighbors James Purshouse and Jock Tudgey celebrate in the rain in Newhaven, in the Liverpool Plains region of New South Wales. (AAP)

Wagait Beach in the NT also posted a staggering 515.2mm on the same day.

This was followed by Bellenden Ker, which received 427mm on May 20 and Wattamolla in New South Wales, which saw 418.6mm on February 10.

Some communities, like Condobolin, received more rain in 2020 than the last two years combined.

In Victoria, Whitlands recorded 159.2mm on April 30 and in South Australia, Yudnapinna received 103mm on February 1.

Tasmania’s wettest day was June 23 when Kunanyi fell by 175.4mm.

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