The proposal would mean $ 2,000 stimulus checks sent to most Americans and a $ 3,000 child tax credit.
He also called for the federal minimum wage to be nearly doubled to $ 15 an hour.
“No one who works 40 hours a week should live below the poverty line,” he said.
“As I speak, one in seven households in America reports that they do not have enough food to eat.
“This includes 30 million adults and up to 12 million children.”
He also asked for a moratorium on eviction until September.
One of Biden’s top economists, Bharat Ramamurti, pointed out via Twitter what it means.
“I don’t want this to get lost in all the numbers,” he said.
“The president-elect’s plan would cut child poverty in half.”
The $ 1.9 trillion bill was dubbed the Biden bailout, the first stage of his stimulus implementation.
“There is real, overwhelming pain in the real economy,” he said.
“You won’t see this pain if your scorecard is how things are going on Wall Street.
“The growing divide between those few people at the top, who are doing quite well in this economy, and the rest of America.”
The proposal has already been welcomed by the US Chamber of Commerce, one of Washington’s most powerful business lobby groups.
“Not only do we have an economic imperative to act now, I think we have a moral obligation,” Biden said.
“In this pandemic, in the United States, we cannot let people go hungry. We cannot allow people to be evicted.
“We must act now and act decisively.”
“The launch of the vaccine in the United States has been a dismal failure so far,” he said.
“We will have to move heaven and earth to vaccinate more people.”
The second stage, which will be revealed next month, has been called the recovery plan.
“My approach will create more than 18 million high paying jobs,” he said.
“She never knew she had the virus. At that time, most people had never heard of the virus,” he said.
“Almost exactly one year later, nearly 400,000 of our compatriots have met the same cruel fate.”
Biden said the country cannot afford inaction to get the economy working again.
“The void felt by the loss of life is compounded by the loss of our path in life,” said the president-elect.
“Millions of Americans never thought they would be without a job, they didn’t even imagine the idea, they face eviction.
“Millions have kept their jobs but have had their hours and paychecks reduced.
“That is happening today in the United States of America.”