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Four high-level technical specialists in electrical matters agreed that the model with the lowest energy generation costs should be sought, although those who are in favor of the presidential proposal believe that it can be with a mixed dispatch model and those who are against it must be carried out weighing the marginal prices, as it is currently done.

In the first debate organized by the Congress Channel Within the forums of the Open Parliament of the electrical reform this Wednesday, Gabriela Reyes Andrés, advisor to the general directorate of the Trust for the Saving of Electrical Energy, compared the model of the current national electrical system with that of the United States, a country whose changes took 33 years to review and adjust, while in Mexico it has been only seven years since the implementation of the Electricity Industry Law And it’s time for adjustments.

He also said that in the neighboring country to the north, a public consultation was made on whether the states agreed with the legal separation of the integrated companies, to which the answer was no, so they remain as companies with a functional separation, while in Mexico The CFE was split into subsidiaries, a model that will be repealed with the proposed changes, since a separation of functions is enough for the state company to remain strong and provide the necessary support to the energy of any generator.

“Energy is not a commercial product, it is a social good,” he said, “the model is going to be reviewed and changed, like in the United States, where there is a spot market, a regulated one and local cooperatives and thus exception regimes are eliminated of the previous legacies and it continues to be checked if it works, as in the rest of the world”.

Against the presidential initiative that seeks to modify Articles 25, 27 and 28 of the Constitution, Paul Alejandro Sánchez Campos, professor at the School of Government of the Tec de Monterrey, who participated invited by the Business Coordinating Council, explained that half of The permits granted were for the generation of the CFE, nothing has been denied, regarding the argument that permits have been granted excessively to private parties.

On the other hand, he also said that hydroelectric plants have intermittent energy and therefore they are going to be privileged by raising costs, because they generate only at the time of year when there is water, in the rainy seasons and if they have other uses such as consumption. The dams cannot deliver, which will considerably increase the environmental and economic costs of the CFE for the support.

“The change in the economic dispatch will affect prices because all consumers are going to pay more costs or federal contributions because somehow the deficit has to be covered if the cost is not being covered,” he said.

Fabián Vázquez Ramírez, head of the Day-Ahead Market Department in the Market Sub-Management of the National Center for Energy Control (Cenace) explained that since the legal changes of 2014 in the sector, electricity dispatch from plants with lower variable costs prevails, that is, those that do not consume fuel. But due to reliability requirements, it is necessary to dispatch some firm energy plants to guarantee continuity, which favors nuclear energy from the CFE’s Laguna Verde plant and the highly efficient combined cycles of independent energy producers that operate at its maximum capacity.

Thus, they are paid in the scheme known as low marginal cost, which corresponds to that of the last plant dispatched. And legally, the plants that do not participate in the market were established as legacy contracts, with which the CFE pays for the support of the intermittency of the renewable plants with its energy, it also pays for having the units available and for the maintenance of the network. of transmission.

Finally, Fernando Bueno Montalvo, energy specialist lawyer at BHMS Consultores y Asociados, former CFE General Counsel, recalled that today there is a market that poses free competition between generators, which leads to price reductions for consumers, while the president’s initiative will ignore contracts and cancel permits, forcing the State to allocate more resources and therefore raising energy costs.

“The projects were tendered in broad contests and thus were assigned with measured prices, they are completely legal and convenient for the signatories. Self-supply is not a new figure, since the origin of electricity, private individuals have been able to generate their energy, they have never been limited as long as they have a social advantage. The new proposal establishes exceptions so that CFE acquires energy outside of competitions, this violates acquired rights and international treaties and will cost 44,000 million dollars, which Equivalent to 11 Felipe Angeles airports or to vaccinate the entire population twice against Covid 19 with the formula of Pfizer”.

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