Crimes such as trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, along with femicide, kidnapping and gender violence are deeply related to the disappearance of women, adolescents, girls and boys, in the State of Mexico, as revealed by a report from the Network for Children’s Rights in Mexico (Redim) elaborated together with the National Search Commission (CNB).
The study: “Disappearance of Adolescent Women, Girls and Boys in the State of Mexico and its link with the sexual exploitation o la human trafficking with that or other purposes”, maintains that the disappearance of women, adolescents, girls and boys in the State of Mexico is a phenomenon that has been growing exponentially, where the evidence shows that the vast majority of cases occur in contexts urban, where the social control of the State and the culture of legality is increasingly violated with the increase in violence and insecurity.
Among the main conclusions, it was indicated that part of these disappearances are due to the crime of trafficking, which according to the evidence, is expressed in three modalities: trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, trafficking for criminal activities and trafficking for adoption purposes. illegal.
Y among the main victims are girls between 9 and 14 years old, in the case of sexual exploitation, adolescents for carrying out criminal activities and infants for the illegal adoption.
The most prevalent of the three types of trafficking was trafficking for criminal activities.
In the case of adolescent males, criminal organizations make them co-participants in crimes against female adolescents: recruitment, sexual abuse, rape, femicide.
Meanwhile, it is also identified why women disappear, and that in the vast majority of cases, it has been identified that the absence is voluntary, since women flee their homes to protect themselves from the domestic violence to which they are subjected. exposed and thus avoid a fatal outcome. However, in the vast majority of cases, the disappearance is the result of a femicide.
In addition to the fact that the women do not appear because they have been murdered by their romantic partners, sexual aggressors or criminals who operate in the territory.
Likewise, it is noted that both in sexual aggressors, serial femicides and criminal gangs it can be observed that their crimes are not isolated, but rather operate under binding patterns and actions, which makes it necessary and useful to carry out analyzes focused on territorial aspects for understanding of the problem.
While analyzing 87 of 118 feminicides, it was discovered that they are aware of the seriousness and consequence of their actions, which is why they hide the bodies, in order to erase the evidence that could incriminate them.
On the other hand, when analyzing the data of disappeared minors in the entity between 2015 and 2021, it is identified that it is the month of May when more minors disappeared, as well as on Mondays, from 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. hours, that is, in broad daylight, during their normal activities, which puts aside the idea that many times it is the women themselves who are exposed to danger.
It was also identified to be in the municipality of Toluca where most disappear. Likewise, it was indicated that in only 2 out of 10 cases the minors had previously disappeared.
The report adds that the feminicidal violence has become the main problem and cause of the disappearance of women in the State of Mexico, since the entrenched machismo, impunity and the presence of criminal groups in the State of Mexico have implied a real risk for women, adolescents and girls , who have become the target of aggression, violence, femicide and disappearance.
“It is clear that the disappearance of women, adolescents and girls is closely linked to their death and the concealment of their bodies. This means that, although they are used, harassed and murdered, their bodies are not being used. to demarcate borders and territories by criminal groups,” the document states.
When presenting the results, Javiera Donoso Jiménez, Researcher and Consultant, explained that its purpose was to generate a profile of the people who are disappearing in the State of Mexico, the circumstances of the disappearance, and the circumstances of the location of the victims. .
Therefore, in the period from 2015 to 2021, 36,135 people have disappeared, but 28,174 have been located and 7,161 people remain missing. Of the people who have been located, 26,798 have been alive and 1,376 have been dead.
He explained that the study showed that the main victims of disappearance are girls and adolescents, between 12 and 17 years old, of a slim complexion, single, high school students, or who reached this educational level, without criminal records and originating from the State of Mexico.
Regarding the municipalities with the highest incidence of disappearances, the expert indicated that these are: Toluca, Ocoyoacac, Ecatepec, Nezahualcóyotl, Tlalnepantla, Ixtapaluca, Chimalhuacán and Tecámac.
“The disappearance of women, adolescents, girls and boys has become a concern not only local, but national, so it is necessary to seek causal explanations for this phenomenon that allow improving research and search strategies for prompt location,” it was concluded. .