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Queretaro, Qro. At the end of last year, 20 entities increased their unemployment rate compared to the pre-pandemic level, that is, compared to 2019, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi).

Puebla leads the list of states with the highest increase in its unemployment rate, experiencing an increase of 1.84 percentage points, a rate of 1.76 to 3.60% of its economically active population (PEA).

It is followed by the State of Mexico with an increase of 1.81 percentage points (from 3.13 to 4.93%), Mexico City with 1.53 points (from 4.79 to 6.31%), Coahuila de Zaragoza with 1.25 points (from 4.26 to 5.51%), Chiapas with 1.23 points (from 2.08 to 3.30%), Michoacán with 1.06 points (from 1.87 to 2.93%), Chihuahua with 1.06 points (from 2.21 to 3.26%), Quintana Roo with 1.04 points (from 2.50 to 3.54 percent).

Also with an increase in the unemployment rate –but with differences below 1 percentage point– the states of San Luis Potosí continue with a difference of 0.91 percentage points (from 2.23 to 3.15%), Guanajuato with 0.89 points (from 2.88 to 3.77 %), Guerrero with 0.82 (from 1.01 to 1.83%), Morelos with 0.50 points (from 2.23 to 2.73%), Jalisco with 0.47 (from 2.76 to 3.23%), Aguascalientes with 0.30 points (from 2.98 to 3.28%), Yucatán with 0.20 points (from 1.82 to 2.02%), Baja California Sur with 0.19 points (from 2.45 to 2.64%), Querétaro with 0.16 points (from 4.40 to 4.56%), Veracruz with 0.08 points (from 2.55 to 2.63%), Baja California with 0.04 points (from 1.8 to 1.85) and Tlaxcala with 0.01 points (from 3.60 to 3.61 percent).

The remaining 12 entities report a decrease in the level of unemployment; the most significant decrease is recorded by Nayarit with -1.78 percentage points in its unemployment rate (it fell from 3.67 to 1.89%), as well as Tabasco with -1.37 points (from 5.84 to 4.48%), Sonora with -1 point (from 4.18 to 3.18%), Colima with -0.78 points (from 3.34 to 2.55%), Campeche with -0.61 points (from 2.99 to 2.37%), Hidalgo with -0.55 points (from 1.93 to 1.37%), Sinaloa with -0.51 points (from 2.80 to 2.28%), Zacatecas with -0.51 points (from 3.02 to 2.51%), Oaxaca with -0.46 points (from 1.66 to 1.19%), Nuevo León with -0.41 points (from 3.26 to 2.86%), Durango with -0.25 points (from 3.13 to 2.88%) and Tamaulipas with -0.14 percentage points (from 3.42 to 3.28 percent).

Al raises

In particular, in 2021, the country’s capital maintained the highest rate among the 32 entities, of 6.31% of its PEA.

It was followed by Coahuila with 5.51% unemployment, State of Mexico with 4.93%, Querétaro with 4.56%, Tabasco with 4.48%, Guanajuato with 3.77%, Tlaxcala with 3.61%, Puebla with 3.60%, Quintana Roo with 3.54% and Chiapas with 3.30 percent.

On the opposite side, the lowest rates were registered in Oaxaca with a rate of 1.19%, Hidalgo with 1.37%, Guerrero with 1.83%, Baja California with 1.85%, and Nayarit with 1.89 percent.

At the national level, the unemployment rate was 3.5% of the PEA, an indicator that is equivalent to 2.1 million people. The rate for December of the year just ended shows an increase of 0.6 percentage points compared to two years ago when it was around 2.91% of the PEA.

Agriculture and services for companies, with lags in job recovery in Qro

Queretaro, Qro. About to complete two years of the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, the state still reports lags in the recovery of pre-pandemic employment in the sectors of agriculture, services for companies, people and the home, as well as in the construction industry , according to the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS).

Social services for companies, individuals and the home is one of the three sectors that continue without regaining the employability they had before the pandemic, since as of December 2021 it added 121,783 jobs, which represents a decrease of 4.7% in relation to the same 2019 period.

Agriculture, ranching, forestry, fishing and hunting reported 20,969 jobs, a drop of 1.3 percent.

The construction industry is practically close to resuming pre-pandemic employment, since as of December of the year just ended, it added 53,622 jobs, a difference of only one job.

The commerce sector and the transformation industry resumed the level of employment they generated in the state in 2021, but also exceeded the levels of 2019.

At the end of 2021, the commerce sector added 105,909 jobs in the state, a figure that exceeds the total reported as of December 2019 by 11.7%, when it was around 94,801.

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