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In Mexico, the perception that the fight against corruption is advancing stagnated in 2021, since the country remained in position 124 of 180 countries that are evaluated by Transparency International (TI) in terms of combating the scourge, same place which he held in 2020.

In the 2021 edition of Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index, Mexico maintained a score of 31 points (on a scale of zero to 100, where 100 would be the best possible score, which is equivalent to an absence of corruption).

Our country continues as the worst evaluated of the 38 nations that make up the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Meanwhile, in the G20, Mexico occupies the 18th position, above Russia, which was ranked 19th, which means that Mexico has not yet managed to recover its best historical evaluation, which was presented in 2015 (95th place).

In the 2021 edition, our Nation shares the same rating (31 points) as Gabon, Niger and Papua New Guinea.

It is appropriate to mention that the index is built through the opinions of specialists, financial risk analysts, women and men from academia and business, consulted on the situation of corruption in each of the 180 nations evaluated.

In the case of the best evaluated countries in the CPI 2021, they are Denmark, Finland and New Zealand (with 88 points out of a possible 100), followed by Norway, Singapore and Sweden (with 85 points).

The worst evaluated countries were Syria and Somalia with 13 points, while South Sudan obtained only 11 points.

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According to the TI study, the fight against corruption has been the main axis of the 2018-2024 federal administration, which in this agenda has broad social support to advance, however, the cases of corruption defined as emblematic —Master swindle, Odebrecht, Agro Nitrogenados, former presidents, among others—have not yet been sanctioned in criminal matters.

In addition to the fact that there is no recovery of the assets diverted by these and other cases of great corruption and the reparation of the damage to the victims, it is practically non-existent.

At the same time, there is a growing concern about the political-electoral use of Mexican prosecutors’ offices, which despite enjoying formal autonomy in many cases, are not seen as bodies independent of the government. His performance has favorable or negative biases depending on the political group being investigated.

Due to the above, the international organization recommends to Mexico that “grand corruption must go from investigations to effective sanctions. The members of the networks must be sanctioned and the diverted assets must be reintegrated into the national patrimony.”

In addition to the institutions and organizations that are part of the National Anticorruption System must be evaluated in terms of their individual performance, with a focus on results and not just processes.

TI also considers it essential to maintain the intervention of the Financial Intelligence Unit (UIF) and the Tax Administration Service (SAT) in anti-corruption matters.

“One of the weakest links in anti-corruption policy in Mexico, and not only in the federal government, is asset recovery. It is time to fulfill the government’s promise to ‘return to the people what was stolen,’” he indicates.

And he adds that “the government of Mexico has to take advantage of the broad social support in this matter to confront the networks of corruption that remain alive, operating, and in many cases linked to criminal networks.”

It should be noted that, during the 2020 measurement, TI reported that Mexico had improved six places compared to the 2019 ranking, since it went from 130th to 124th place of the 180 countries evaluated.

While its global rating advanced two points compared to a previous year, since its rating in the 2020 Corruption Perceptions Index had 31 points (where 0 would be the lowest evaluation and 100 the best possible evaluation); for 2019, this figure stood at 29 points.

The foregoing translated into the fact that our country had recovered 14 places since 2018, the year in which Mexico was placed in position number 138 of 180 countries; however, although the progress is significant, it does not compare with the data recorded in 2015, when it managed to obtain its best rating by ranking 95th with 35 points.

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