The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi) reported that during the first half of last year 145,159 people died in Mexico from Covid-19, ranking respiratory disease as the leading cause of death nationwide; In 2020, the first year of the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic, the coronavirus was the second leading cause of death in the country.
According to the preliminary report on registered deaths, from January to June 2021, 579,596 were recorded in the period; the figure adds 110,312 deaths more than those confirmed in the first half of the previous year.
The statistics released by the autonomous body highlights that according to the calculation of excess mortality from all causes, 532,549 deaths were recorded.
“According to the 2015-2019 period, a total of 1,116,482 deaths were expected from January 2020 to June 2021 and 1,649,031 deaths occurred, so there is an excess mortality from all causes of 532,549, equivalent to 47.7 per cent,” he says.
From January 2020 to June 2021, a preliminary total of 345,415 deaths from Covid-19 was recorded; the total includes 30 unspecified cases regarding the date of occurrence in 2020 and 19 in 2021.
Unlike 2020, when heart disease was the leading cause of death in the national territory, during the first half of 2021 it was recorded that 113,899 people lost their lives from this condition and, in third place, 74,418 people died due to diabetes mellitus.
Of the total deaths registered in a preliminary way between January and June of last year, 337,100 (58.1%) corresponded to men and 242,156 (41.8%) to women; in 340 cases (0.1%) the sex was not specified.
During the first three months of 2021, the highest number of registered deaths occurred: 162,734 (28.1%) in January, 115,560 (19.9%) in February and 93,418 (16.1%) in March.
Mexico City and the State of Mexico led the registry of deaths with 77,509 and 72,435, respectively, although when considering only deaths by habitual residence of the deceased, the data is reversed with 87,740 and 60,178 cases.
With respect to the rate of deaths registered by state of occurrence per 10,000 inhabitants, the country’s capital is also in first place with 100.26 men and 68.78 women.
The report clarifies that the preliminary data come from administrative records generated from death certificates provided by the Civil Registry offices and the Forensic Medical Services, which are complemented by death certificates issued by the Civil Registry and information from statistical notebooks of the Agencies of the Public Ministry, and that the final information will be published next October after the corresponding review with the Ministry of Health.