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MIAMI.– Although a survey published months ago by the Universidad Argentina de la Empresa (UADE) shows that seven out of ten youths want to leave the country, in practice at least half of those who currently emigrate they comb gray hair and are parents.

“We are at an average of 400 queries daily. It’s a lot. Of those, 80% do not qualify to come. The remaining 20%, yes, and half are over 50. It’s not that young people are leaving, people who think are leaving. those who qualify to come are all professionals who speak English, have teenage children; there are even grandparents. Most tell me what a pity I didn’t leave sooner. It is that we Latin Americans throw a lot for the family”, he summarizes Eliana Diehl, founder of ArgentApp, dedicated to the internationalization of companies and families in Spain.

Eliana is just one of the many Argentine consultants who emigrated and are dedicated to helping in the search for job opportunities to emigrate. His other work, he says, is more about moral support and containment, even for those who arrive without any preparation. “Today a girl called me who is in Alicante. They came without papers, with two girls, and they only have money left for a month. Iberia did not change his ticket, they will become irregular and today he asked me in which churches they can feed him. People don’t understand; He believes that they will not be worse than in Argentina, but it is not like that. In the Argentina you have your mom, your aunt, your mother-in-law. To emigrate you have to prepare, you need to manage digital tools to defend yourself. Today in Spain there is no work, unless you are doctor and you have approved title”, he argues, and maintains that only those who arrive very prepared will be able to survive quickly. “In the part of technology yes you can get a job, but if you are a truck driver it is very difficult”, he exemplifies.

Diehl has two waves a year of emigrants. Once the decision to move has been made, he advises that they arrive in the winter or fall. “Now we do not stop receiving people, they have been arriving one after another for a month and a half, every day they enter families To stay. Some sell everything, others leave their house rented in case they have to return, “he says.

Alexis Demian emigrated less than three years ago to Málaga. He also created his company of advice, management and legal support -together with his lawyer partner- for people seeking to reside in the Iberian Peninsula. “People with a lot of economic resources are coming, with money to start a business or buy properties. The vast majority are professionals, we have a lot of title homologation, Many doctors Y architects. They come wanting to do things, but not because of financial need. 30-year-olds don’t come, those 45 and up come”, he agrees.

Eliana Diehl emigrated to Spain and now helps professionals and companies that want to settle there
Eliana Diehl emigrated to Spain and now helps professionals and companies that want to settle there

What does the emigrant look for? “They tell you that they got tired of Argentina, it’s a feeling of suffocation, that you can’t progress. I am from Mar del Plata, I emigrated when I was 30 years old. I was always an entrepreneur, I had a business and managed ten departments. There I could never have a 0km car. I bought it here after 6 months. I live in front of the sea, in Fuengirola. I pay 800 euros for rent, and at the end of the year I’m taking out a mortgage. In Mar del Plata living in front of the sea is only for those who have a lot of money”, he compares.

Both Diehl and Demian place Argentine doctors among the first positions of emigrants. It is the case of Alexandra Macri, 58 years old and medical graduated from the UBA. He did clinic, emergencies, and is a specialist in legal medicine. Six months ago he emigrated to Spain. “We didn’t leave for financial reasons. my husband is systems analyst and professor at the UBA, with two master’s degrees. We were depressed, in a bad mood. We couldn’t stand that decadence anymore. We were like the living dead,” he recalls. Behind them came their brother-in-law, traumatologist and also a lawyer, and his wife cardiology technician, with a 7 year old daughter. With his savings he bought a small apartment for tourist rental and rented a place with his sister-in-law for a gastronomic enterprise. He no longer knows if he will want to continue practicing medicine. “I got tired of mistreatment of patients and family members, that they discuss a diagnosis with you because they read it on Wikipedia, of Low salaries, of the very long guards. I seriously wanted to change my life,” he says. Three colleagues at the hospital later upgraded their phones with Spain feature. Alejandra noted that they had come to stay.

The uncertainty about the future, the social division, the constant drop in wages in the face of inflation and above all, The insecurity They are the engines to search for a new ground. Unlike 2001, the migratory wave is facilitated by technological tools.

“Since the pandemic, the growth of emigrants has been exponential,” he says from Barcelona Hernan Rimedio, who left Argentina in 1998 and manages groups of emigrants in Facebook. Among them he created the Argentines Resident Abroad, with 50,000 users. “Now technology makes it easier for people to emigrate. At the time we left, you arrived with a ticket to Paris and there you managed. In my Facebook groups people ask as if it were a consulting room. There are many Argentines looking to leave, in the group of Spain For example, 50 to 100 new users enter per day. in the of France, 20 or 25, the same as in Italy“, Explained Remedy.

But emigrating does not only mean having money to invest or set up a business, and to support yourself for the first few months. “If you are Italian and want to do your residence in Spain, you have to have 7,000 euros per person in an account and also have health insurance, or show a previous employment contract. If not, they don’t make you a resident”, explains Demian.

Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy and Luxembourg are some of the other countries chosen by those with a community passport. María is 37 years old and asks to keep her surname confidential. She received her medical degree in 2007 at the Favaloro University; since then he has worked in various clinics and private sanatoriums, and spent his nights on call in units of pediatric intensive care. Six months ago he emigrated to Luxembourg, a small country the size of Tucumán, whose population is mainly migrant. “The first time we seriously considered leaving the country was the night of the PASO in 2019. The pandemic It accelerated everything, added to the restrictions on currency exchange and the loss of the purchasing power of our salary, which made it difficult to pay the mortgage loan. I continued with at least two fixed jobs with 50 hours a week and my husband did the same”, she describes. At the end of 2020, a friend emigrated to Luxembourg for work and suggested to her husband that he check the company page for job searches. He applied and, to his surprise, they contacted him the next day.

“Many colleagues normalize the violent situations in the workplace, the denigration of the role of the doctor, the delay in payments, the miserable salaries. They normalize having four different jobs being highly qualified staff, just to reach a decent salary with which to support his family. Among Argentine doctors, if before every ten colleagues there was one who was capable of leaving, now there are six, and of those at least three have already begun the revalidation of the title”, he explains.

Mariano Badra confirm the diagnosis from Canada. went to do one specialization in cardiac arrhythmias to Montreal a few years ago and decided to stay. “Currently, all the time I receive inquiries from medical colleagues to come. Canada and the United States are not the best countries, because it is difficult to practice as a doctor without having done your training or part of it there. Since I arrived, they have come Argentine doctors to do the specialty. Of the last three, one was able to get a job in Ottawa, another is looking into staying as a general cardiologist and another, from La Plata, asked to prolong his residency because he doesn’t want to come back,” he says.

The technological field is another of the Argentine profiles that emigrate the most, both to Europe and the United States. “The country does not give you the facility. Many software engineers They work abroad, but if you live in Argentina and charge, for example, 4,000 dollars, they won’t let you enter the country properly. You cannot charge by PayPal, by Transfer Wise, or by Western Union. They are expelling people. In technology it is easy to emigrate because you get work contracts”, says Diehl.

Given the strict immigration laws, those who manage to settle in U.S son talented professionals or investors. “The demand for emigrating professionals and highly trained people, who normally have a job, has grown. college degree, more than five years of experience and good charges. They are financially secure, but do not see a future. If they have a family, the children are the determining factor,” he says. Carlos Colombo, founder of the immigration law firm Colombo & Hurd.

Since the pandemic began, its clients have quadrupled, but it is not only a phenomenon that it registers from Argentina, but also at a Latin American level. Never had as much demand from Chileans as now.

The professions that process the most permits to live in the United States are engineering related to technology. “cyber security is growing a lot and is number one. Today, 600,000 cyber security jobs remain to be filled in the United States. we see customers entrepreneurs with innovative ideas, in infrastructure and energy. And also health personnel what does research. Working with patients is difficult because of the revalidation, but there are many doctors who come to do research, for that you don’t necessarily need to revalidate. The economy here is quite strong and there is a lack of professionals,” he details.

The visas most managed in recent months by the studies consulted are those that aim to talented professionals: the of Extraordinary abilities (O) and that of National Interest (EB2). Natalia Fridman, owner of the studio Fridman Immigration Law, had an increase in demand since the pandemic began. “Since the embassy in Buenos Aires was closed from March to October for investment visas (one of the most stamped among Argentines who move), many clients who had the possibility –and perhaps they had not thought about it before– applied for an extraordinary ability visa for some expertiz they had, be it business, science, education, television, radio, art or sport. The basic difference is that for this visa the person needs a sponsor, a job offer. On the investor visa, on the other hand, you are your own sponsor”, he compares.

The Argentines who obtain the talent visa are those who prove that they are the best in their field. Cristina Cernicchiaro, 52 years old, engineer graduated from Technological Institute Buenos Aires (ITBA) and with a master’s degree in artificial intelligence, is one of the many examples of brain drain. You recently obtained an O visa to immigrate to U.S thanks to his contribution in the creation of a machine that helps in the diagnosis of pathologies of the ankle, knee and foot. “It is a device to which we apply knowledge of artificial intelligence. There are movement patterns with sensors that transform analog and digital signals, which detect and help in the rehabilitation of different pathologies. For the purposes of obtaining the visa, a person who has talent and knowledge is valued directly for that”, he argues.

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