Queretaro, Qro. The progress of the reform electrical matter could lead to a drop in industrial activity of the state, since it generates uncertainty to guarantee the electrical supply; It would also be a brake on the cogeneration projects that are underway in the entity, stated the state representation of the National Council of the Maquiladora and Export Manufacturing Industry (Index).
Faced with the federal reform, in the local industry the investment projects for conversion to clean energies and put at risk the supply of electricity for secondary activities, explained the president of Index in Queretaro, Enrique Quezada Ojeda.
Industrialists, he said, would face not only the risk of shortage of electricity, since they also foresee the suspension of future investments and even those who enlisted in industrial parks for supply of solar energy.
“Not only is the risk of lack of electricity for the industrial activity, but of the suspension of investments, future and those that are underway, in industrial parks for solar infrastructure”, he exposed.
According to the local director of Index, the state’s manufacturing absorbs about 70% of energy availability per year, maintaining an average annual growth of 3%.
The potential growth of the industry, he said, is linked to having an energy guarantee, otherwise the growth of the International Trade.
New industrial parks and production plants have invested in the generation and cogeneration of sustainable energy, as part of the global requirements of the supply chains calling for a reduction in carbon emissions, to which is added the need to comply with trade agreements, including the Treaty between Mexico, the United States and Canada (T-MEC), he exposed.
“(In Queretaro) the development of new parks and industrial plants has included constant investments in infrastructure for the generation and cogeneration of clean energy, in response to global demands on industries (…) IMMEX, committed to their corporate cultures and to the commitments of the trade agreements As the T-MEC, we would be forced to fail to meet clean energy consumption goals,” he added.
According to the president of Index, the state has a high potential to generate photovoltaic energy, due to its geographical location and climatic conditions. He specified that the 2019 Global Solar Atlas, of world Bank, states that in the state there is a generation potential of 6 kilowatt hours per square meter (KWh/m2) due to the solar irradiation it receives.
Citing a study from the Employer Confederation of the Mexican Republic (Coparmex), detailed that the entity has 800 megawatts of authorized capacity in operation, but almost 73.9% (591) correspond to plants of the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE); and the rest is generated by 25 permit holders –the majority were created from the Electricity Industry Act of 2014–, therefore the current reform proposal puts the supply in the entity at risk, he explained.
The creation of State Energy Agency It provides confidence so that long-term public policies are created in the local environment, estimating that it is a point of reference to implement technical bases that defend the industry, he asserted.
According to a first diagnosis made by the agency – regarding the consumption of large industrial companies – a supply need of 400 MVA (megavolt-ampere) was detected, which would imply increasing the current installed capacity of 2,000 MVA by almost 20%.
Faced with this problem, the state government proposes to strengthen the electrical infrastructure in the state, which will be delivered to the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) for its operation and maintenance.